CJEU clarifies non-material damage under Article 82 GDPR

14/12/2023 | CJEU

The Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) has clarified in case C‑340/21 that non-material damage under Article 82 of the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and the rules governing burden of proof. The ruling confirms that unauthorized disclosure or access of personal data doesn't necessarily mean that the technical and organisational measures implemented by the controller to comply with Articles 24 and 32 of the GDPR were not appropriate. It is up to the national courts to assess the appropriateness of the measures and for the controller to prove their suitability. 

The CJEU also noted that an infringement resulting from the actions of a third party doesn't exempt the controller from liability and that the burden of proving the implemented measures were appropriate falls on the controller. Additionally, the fear experienced by individuals regarding the possible misuse of their personal data by third parties may in itself constitute non-material damage.

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EU Court, CJEU, law, legal scales

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