The European Parliament debates around regulating biometric artificial intelligence systems have been a contentious issue since the European Commission proposed the EU Artificial Intelligence Act (AI ACT). In an article for the IAPP, Bird & Bird Associate Nora Santalu analyses the different approaches to biometric AI within the European Parliament, European Commission and the Council of the European Union.
For instance, the EU General Data Protection Regulation contains only one definition related to biometrics under Article 4(14). The Commission's AI Act proposal has six biometrics-related definitions, while the Parliament adds three further definitions. To further confuse the matter, the Council's definition of "general purpose AI" includes speech and image recognition systems, which could also constitute biometric data.
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