MEPs propose criteria for classifying foundation models under EU AI Act

09/11/2023 | EURACTIV

European lawmakers leading the work on the EU Artificial Intelligence Act (AI Act) have proposed a first set of criteria concerning the most powerful foundation models like ChatGPT, which has been a sticking point during the latter stages of the trilogue negotiations.

On Tuesday, the Spanish Presidency of the Council of the European Union circulated a new draft text around the obligations for foundation models. Then, on Wednesday, Parliament's co-rapporteurs DragoČ™ Tudorache and Brando Benifei shared their reaction, including the following four criteria:

  • the size of the data samples used for training, 
  • the size of the model's parameters, 
  • the amount of computing power used during training,
  • other performance benchmarks still to be fully developed.
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