EDPB clarifies main establishment and One-Stop-Shop mechanism criteria

14/02/2024 | EDPB

In its February plenary, the European Data Protection Board (EDPB) adopted an Opinion on the concept of main establishments and the criteria for the application of the One-Stop-Shop mechanism. The opinion was issued in response to a request by the French Data Protection Authority (DPA) under Article 64(2) of the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and specifically clarifies whether the concept of a controller's main establishment in the EU applies in cases where decisions about processing are made outside of the EU. 

The EDPB Opinion states that a controller's "place of central administration" in the EU can be only considered a main establishment under Article 4(16)(a) of the GDPR if it has the power to make decisions on the purposes and means of processing personal data and can implement those decisions. Consequently, the One-Stop-Shop mechanism can only apply if one of the controller's establishments in the EU makes decisions about the purposes and means of processing and has the power to implement those decisions. The opinion is part of the EDPB's effort to enhance cooperation among DPAs in cross-border enforcement.

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